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Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is bordered by the People's Republic of China to the north and by India to the south, east and west. The Himalaya mountain range runs across Nepal's northern and western parts, and eight of the world's ten highest mountains, including the highest, Mount Everest, lie within its borders.

Historically, what is now Nepal was made up of many small kingdoms. The modern state was formed with the Unification of Nepal by Prithvi Narayan Shah on December 21, 1768. Until 2006, Nepal was a kingdom. Nepal is now a federal democratic republic.

Its recent history has involved struggles for democratic government with periods of direct monarchic rule. From 1996 until 2006, there was a Civil War between government forces and guerrillas of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). On December 28, 2007, the Interim Parliament passed a bill and declared Nepal to be a Federal Democratic Republic. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly officially implemented that declaration on May 28, 2008.


Nepal is a multi-cultural, multi-linguistic and multi-religious country. For a relatively small country, Nepal has a diverse landscape, ranging from the humid Terai plains in the south to the mountainous Himalayas in the north, which makes it a major tourist destination.

Hinduism is practiced by a large[specify] majority of the people, but the country also has a strong Buddhist tradition; Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama is located in the Terai, one of the three regions of Nepal. The capital Kathmandu is the largest city in the country. The official language is Nepali and the state currency is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR).

Nepal's flag is the only national flag in the world that is non-quadrilateral in shape. The blue border on the flag of Nepal signifies peace. The red in the flag stands for victory in war or courage, and is also color of the rhododendron, the national flower of Nepal. While the curved moon on the flag is a symbol of the peaceful and calm nature of Nepalese, the sun represents the aggressiveness of Nepalese warriors.




Nepal is well connected by commercial airline services to the rest of the world. How to reach Nepal does not pose a problem to travelers coming via India and South East Asia.

How to reach Nepal is not a problem. How to get out is. The stunning natural scenery of Nepal acts as a magnet for nature lovers worldwide. The high mountains present a challenge for even the most experienced mountaineer. All international flights land at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu. Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal.

A majority of the international flights arrive via the Indian capital city of New Delhi. Flights also originate from Bangkok in Thailand. It is to be noted that very few flights originate outside Asia.